West Virginia History
West Virginia History (WVH) is committed to publishing the best scholarship on the history and culture of the state and its contiguous region. This brief guide and abbreviated style manual is intended for use by contributors to WVH.
Submit your manuscript by e-mail to email@example.com It should be in a Word file, either an attachment, or pasted into a document.
To facilitate our policy of anonymous manuscript review, please go to “Properties” in the document and strip out any identifying information. Do include the title of the submission on the first page. The author’s name and address (both postal and e-mail) should appear in a separate Word document, along with a 250-word abstract.
Within the Word file, all lines should be twelve-point, double-spaced, and unjustified, including quotations and notes. Articles should not exceed 10,000 words in length, including endnotes. Please submit your notes as endnotes, not as footnotes. Document submissions should be half or less the length of articles. Quotations longer than eight lines should be set off from the text by indenting both margins five spaces, and should be double-spaced.
If your manuscript is currently in a justified format, please unjustify it before saving and printing your final copy. Before your essay can be typeset to fit WVH’s format, it must have ragged right margins. Do not make changes to your electronic file that do not appear on your hard copy.
We encourage you to use illustrations and can accept either glossy photographs or 300 dpi TIF files. Supply each illustration with a caption, accompanied by a source line and such acknowledgments as are required. You are responsible for obtaining the necessary permissions in writing before publishing the illustrations, and providing the journal with copies for its files.
SAMPLE CITATION STYLES
West Virginia History follows the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. (with a few exceptions, noted throughout this guide), and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 11th ed. The journal does not include bibliographies or reference lists; therefore, all first citations should be full citations. To indicate a title, italicize rather than underline.
Full citations: name of the author(s) or editor(s) in normal order; the complete title of the work in italics; the number of volumes (if more than one); and, within parentheses, the place and date of publication. Finally, include the page numbers you are citing.
Short citations: (use this format for subsequent, nonconsecutive citations): author’s last name(s), short title in italics, and page numbers you are citing. Use ibid. in a note immediately following if the reference is identical.
EXAMPLES OF FULL AND SHORT CITATION STYLES
(FOR MORE EXAMPLES, CONSULT THE CHICAGO MANUAL)
Cometti and Summers, The Thirty-Fifth State, 112-37.
Jerry Bruce Thomas, An Appalachian New Deal: West Virginia in the Great Depression (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998), 222.
Thomas, Appalachian New Deal, 222.
James Morton Callahan, History of West Virginia, Old and New, 3 vols. (Chicago: American Historical Society, 1923), 1: 23.
Callahan, History of West Virginia, 1: 23.
Okey L. Patteson, State Papers and Public Addresses, Compiled and edited by Rosalind Carroll Funk (Charleston, WV: Rose City Press, 1953), 44.
Patteson, State Papers and Public Addresses, 44.
Elizabeth Cometti and Festus P. Summers, eds., The Thirty-Fifth State: A Documentary History of West Virginia (Morgantown: West Virginia University Library, 1966), 112-37.
2. Reprints or second editions (include the original date of publication):
Lucullus Virgil McWhorter, Border Settlers: Northwestern Virginia (1915; repr., Parsons: McClain Printing Co., 2000), 22.
Otis K. Rice and Stephen W. Brown, West Virginia History: A History (1985; 2nd ed., Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1993), 35.
3. Journal Articles and Book Chapters:
For journal articles, include the author’s name(s), article title, journal name, volume, date within parentheses, and page reference. Months should be cited as follows: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., and Dec. For book chapters see the example below.
Richard H. Bradford, “Religion and Politics: Alfred E. Smith and the Election of 1928 in West Virginia,” West Virginia History 36 (April 1975): 213-14.
Bradford, “Religion and Politics,” 213-14.
Deborah R. Weiner, “From Shtetl to Coalfield: The Migration of East European Jews to Southern West Virginia,” in Transnational West Virginia: Ethnic Communities and Economic Change, 1840-1940, edited by Ken Fones-Wolf and Ronald L. Lewis (Morgantown: West Virginia University Press, 2002), 73-75.
Weiner, “From Shtetl to Coalfield,” 73-75.
4. Theses and Dissertations:
Treat dissertations like books, except place the title within quotation marks and include the type of thesis and the institution where it was submitted within the parentheses containing publication data.
Michael E. Workman, “Political Culture and the Coal Economy in the Upper Monongahela Region, 1776-1933” (PhD diss., West Virginia University, 1995), 146-54.
WVH prefers to cite only the name of the paper, and the date of publication. Include the name of the city (italicized), if not already part of the title, and the state if needed (abbreviated but not italicized in parentheses).
Charleston Gazette, May 13, 1976.
Washington (DC) Daily National Intelligencer, Jan. 20, 1820.
For manuscript collections, the intent is, as with books and articles, to give the author, date, and place of the item cited. This requires the name of the collection containing the item and the location of the collection. The location of the repository is given only in the first citation unless required for the sake of clarity.
Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, June 23, 1795, Box 7, Series 1, Madison Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Jefferson to Madison, June 23, 1795, Madison Papers.
John E. Amos, interview by William L. Young, Aug. 6, l965, Oral History Project, JFK Library, Boston, MA.